Work by meteorologists from the University of Reading, the University of Bristol, HR Wallingford, Fathom and the European Centre of Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), is assisting international efforts to provide aid to Central American countries impacted by Hurricanes Eta and Iota.
A significant humanitarian response has been required in the aftermath of the hurricanes, which have so far killed 160 people and affected five million across Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala. Parts of Belize, El Salvador, Mexico, Costa Rica, Colombia and Panama have also been affected.
Before the hurricanes hit, the meteorologists’ analysis of the latest weather and river forecasts directed humanitarians to where the worst floods would happen and which communities would be most at risk.
As a key element within the Australian government’s ongoing 20-year plan for research in the Antarctic, a new icebreaker, RSV Nuyina, is currently undergoing sea trials in the North Sea. The vessel’s name is the Tasmanian aboriginal word for the Southern Lights, and according to the Australian Antarctic Program, its design has been tailored from the outset to assist scientist in both ocean-based and atmospheric research.
As Phil Boxall, manager, technology and innovation on the project, explained, it will be equipped to maximize data flows from research projects. For example, USVs launched from the vessel will be linked via fiber-optic cables: “We have four fiber-optic cables on winches which will provide state-of-the-art power and data running to deployments on these cables.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that around seven million people die every year from exposure to pollution. Cities and businesses need reliable, real-time information about air quality, noise pollution and industrial emissions to both guarantee their citizens’ quality of life and to protect the environment.
After seven years designing and deploying small air quality stations all over the world, Kunak Technologies is presenting the new Kunak AIR V3 Pro, an evolution of the company’s previous sensor-based air quality monitoring station designed to solve all the lifecycle challenges of a sensor-based air quality product, its operation, and maintenance.
The Sentinel-6 satellite that will allow scientists to measure sea level rise has recently been launched on a SpaceX rocket. It will orbit 830 miles above the planet, collecting data that is indispensable for ocean and weather forecasts and climate understanding over the next decade.
Dr Matthew Palmer, lead scientist on sea level rise from the UK’s Met Office Hadley Centre, commented, “Sea-level rise poses one of the greatest socioeconomic challenges associated with climate change. Space-based observations since the 1990s have revolutionized our understanding of rates sea-level rise around the globe. The Sentinel-6 observations are critical for ongoing monitoring of global sea level and revealing the spatial pattern of rise associated with climate change.
Government agencies in Thailand are harnessing the power of NASA’s air quality data and expertise through a partnership with SERVIR, a joint initiative between NASA and the United States Agency for International Development, intended to boost environmental resilience and decision making in developing regions around the world.
Through its network of regional hubs, SERVIR puts publicly available satellite imagery, geospatial data and analysis tools into the hands of local decision makers to help solve their most pressing environmental challenges. The SERVIR-Mekong hub, located at the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center in Bangkok, serves countries in the Mekong River Basin.
A number of countries located in the Southwest Indian Ocean have launched a five-year joint project to improve operational forecasting and multi-hazard early warning systems.
The project seeks to enhance early warning capacities in Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique and Seychelles. According to the WMO, The Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems (CREWS) initiative will provide a US$4m funding contribution, which will leverage wider ongoing and planned projects in the sub-region. The launch of the project coincides with the development of La Niña and the onset of the tropical cyclone season.
The WMO notes that considerable technical work is still needed to support a sustainable regional Early Warning System framework in the area.
The planned Artemis missions to the moon will, according to NASA, benefit from two weather instrument suites, NASA’s HERMES and ESA’s ERSA.
The instrument suites, named after two of Artemis’s half-siblings in Greek Mythology – Ersa, the goddess of dew, and Hermes, the messenger of the Olympian gods – will be pre-loaded on the Gateway (above), the planned moon orbiting outpost, before the first two components are launched: the Power and Propulsion Element and the Habitation and Logistics Outpost. The two instrument suites will begin monitoring the lunar radiation environment and return data before crews begin to arrive.
Weather, environmental and industrial measurements specialist Vaisala has introduced its new HUMICAP Humidity and Temperature Probe HMP1. The company states that is accuracy and sensor purge functionality ensure excellent stability over time, making it a good choice for demanding humidity measurements in a variety of settings.
According to Vaisala, the HMP1 complements its Indigo product family, a solution for multi-parameter measurements with flexible connectivity. The modular product family consists of interchangeable smart probes, transmitters and the Vaisala Insight PC Software.
The probe is compatible with any Vaisala Indigo series transmitter while the ability to detach the probe from the transmitter allows efficient maintenance and calibration.