The Global Annual to Decadal Climate Update, led by the UK’s Met Office, provides a climate outlook for the next five years, updated annually. The WMO says the update harnesses the expertise of climate scientists and computer models from leading climate centers around the world to produce actionable information for decision makers.
“This study shows – with a high level of scientific skill – the enormous challenge ahead in meeting the Paris Agreement on Climate Change target of keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5°C,” said WMO secretary general Petteri Taalas.
According to OTT HydroMet, a specialist in meteorological instrumentation and monitoring, one of the most important challenges when designing monitoring facilities in remote locations is resilience.
For example, remote tide gauge systems operate in extremely harsh environments and require robust communications systems that almost never fail and are capable of storing large amounts of data locally as an extra protection for data.
With these considerations, the company said, scientists from the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) are upgrading the South Atlantic Tide Gauge Network (SATGN) to include OTT HydroMet’s latest low-power dataloggers with built-in satellite telemetry capability – the SatLink3.
The WMO (World Meteorological Organization) has stated that climate change impacts are affecting water availability and exacerbating the damages floods and drought cause worldwide. It feels climate-related water action is a key to bringing countries back on track to deliver the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 6, to ensure access to water and sanitation for all and to sustain a healthy environment.
To further this goal, the WMO hosted a virtual diplomatic briefing in early July on plans for a Water and Climate Coalition, aimed at building momentum on water and climate action through implementing concrete activities at the national, regional and global levels.
One of the core competencies of meteorology, mathematical modeling, has been in the limelight in recent months, with epidemiological modelers producing a wildly varying array of model-based predictions on the potential spread of Covid-19. Across the board, governments have been heavily reliant on these to inform their responses to the disease. Now, modeling methods normally used to forecast weather have been borrowed to predict how rapidly Covid-19 could spread in different countries as lockdown is eased, as well as assess the effectiveness of measures put in place.
Meteorologists from the University of Reading and National Centre for Earth Observations in the UK were part of an international team that applied data assimilation – a technique that combines multiple sources of information to estimate how a situation will develop over time – to the pandemic.
Following the arrival of a new research team in June, study of the Arctic MOSAiC ice floe is continuing apace and the team behind the project has now published a paper on its findings to date in scientific journal The Cryosphere.
Among the findings is the observation that the New Siberian Islands were the birthplace of the MOSAiC floe: the sea ice in which the research vessel Polarstern is now drifting through the Arctic was formed off the coast of the archipelago, which separates the East Siberian Sea and the Laptev Sea to the north of Siberia, in December 2018.
The Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) has announced an investment of nearly A$$1m (US$690,000) in a gridded renewable energy nowcasting demonstration project, with Sydney-based company Solcast.
Solcast said its aim is to enhance existing weather forecast services by developing a proof-of-concept demonstration of a forecasting tool that will track and predict renewable output in real time. The goal is to predict up to six hours ahead in five-minute increments, distributed into 1-2km grids across South Australia (SA).
The company stated that the 12-month project will deliver more frequently updated, high-resolution weather forecasts specifically designed for the Australian energy industry.
The Mars 2020 mission is part of NASA’s Mars Exploration Program. In order to obtain data from the surface from the Red Planet, NASA has selected partners to provide measurement instruments for installation on the Mars Perseverance rover. One of these is a Spanish-led European consortium that supplies the rover with its Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA) – a set of sensors that record measurements of temperature, windspeed and direction, pressure, relative humidity, and the amount and size of dust particles.
The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), part of the consortium, has supplied instrumentation based on Finnish specialist Vaisala’s sensors, to MEDA for the measurement of humidity and pressure.
Belgrade, capital of Serbia, is due to have its flood warning systems overhauled and modernized. In May 2014, the city suffered substantial flood damage, which spurred authorities, in conjunction with the United Nations Development Program (UNPD), to increase its resilience to natural disaster. Part of the plan to achieve this is the implementation of a flood monitoring and warning system.
Italian firm CAE, in consortium with a Serbian organization, won the tender to supply instrumentation for the project. This will include 34 standalone rain gauge stations (seven of which will be equipped with heated gauges), 22 hydrometric stations and 3 UHF repeaters.