Lynred, a global provider of infrared detectors for aerospace, defense and commercial markets, has been chosen to develop a new linear SWIR (shortwave infrared) array for the European Copernicus Land Surface Temperature Monitoring (LSTM) mission.
Airbus Defence & Space (ADS), the prime contractor in the LSTM mission, selected Lynred to develop the SWIR array. It will be integrated into an imager; a high-resolution radiometer that measures land-surface temperatures.
The overall aim of LSTM is to improve sustainable agricultural productivity at field-scale in regions experiencing increasing water scarcity and climate variability.
“Lynred has a long track record in developing and manufacturing SWIR detectors for space instruments.
Scientists have revealed a new meningitis forecasting project, which aims to use weather forecasts to predict the location and scale of impending meningitis outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa.
The project is part of an early-warning system being piloted with the aim of giving health agencies more time to activate emergency response plans.
Pioneered by the African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD), and the African SWIFT initiative led by the University of Leeds and the National Centre for Atmospheric Science, the project uses weather data to give up to two weeks’ advanced warning of conditions “less likely” or “highly likely” to trigger a meningitis outbreak.
A new €85m (US$100m) program has been launched to advance climate services for sustainable development in Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) regions.
The program, called Intra-ACP Climate Services and Related Applications Programme (ClimSA), is a joint initiative of the Secretariat of the Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS) and the European Union.
It will support the climate information services value chain in ACP regions, through the provision of technical assistance, financial assistance, infrastructure, and capacity building to improve and widen access and use of climate information.
OACPS secretary general, HE Georges Rebelo Pinto Chikoti, highlighted the importance of the ClimSA program in contributing to providing “timely, appropriate data and information that allows decision makers – at both policy and technical levels – to decide on and choose the best adaptation option as we address climate variability and climate change.”
ClimSA spans the entire climate services value chain to develop and deliver services in five priority sectors: agriculture and food security, disaster risk reduction, energy, health and water – in alignment with the WMO Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).
NASA has released details of the first weather report from the Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA) system aboard NASA’s Perseverance rover on Mars. NASA engineers will use weather data from MEDA to inform their future plans.
MEDA first powered on for 30 minutes on February 19, approximately one day after the rover touched down on Mars. Around 8:25pm PST that same day, engineers received initial data from MEDA.
Engineers have now pieced together the first weather report from the Jezero Crater on Mars. Data shows it was just below -4°F (-20°C) on the surface when the system started recording, and that temperature dropped to -14°F (-25.6°C) within 30 minutes.
Scientists from Colorado State University (CSU) have used millions of observations from 143 weather surveillance radars to evaluate a forecasting system for nocturnal bird migration in the USA.
Weather radar and related technology can help chart the journeys of billions of migratory birds, which can help protect them from a growing array of threats, such as light pollution, wind energy and collisions with structures.
CSU’s Kyle Horton, assistant professor in the Department of Fish, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, and his team, worked with scientists from University of Oxford, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, University of Wyoming, University of Massachusetts and Mount Holyoke College on the project.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has released a new whitepaper which analyzes the opportunities present in the weather and climate forecasting sector, and sets directions and recommendations for the future.
The paper, the Future of Weather and Climate Forecasting, brings together advice from 30 leading experts from the research, operations and education fields. It traces the development of the weather enterprise and examines challenges and opportunities in the coming decade.
It examines three overarching components of the innovation cycle: infrastructure, research and development, and operation. “The whitepaper is based on the concept of a weather and climate innovation cycle which is determined to advance prediction services with the aim to improve public safety, quality of life, protect the environment, safeguard economic productivity,” said Dr Gilbert Brunet, chair of the WMO Scientific Advisory Panel and lead author and coordinator of the group of scientists and experts worldwide who contributed to the paper.
New research from the University of Maryland and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) has found a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean.
The research, funded by the National Science Foundation – NCAR’s sponsor – and the NASA Living With a Star program, suggests that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth.
The study, which was outlined in the Earth and Space Science journal, was led by Robert Leamon at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, and co-authored by Daniel Marsh, senior scientist at NCAR.
On March 23 at around 05:40 UTC, one of the world’s largest container ships ran aground and blocked the Suez Canal for six days, significantly affecting global trade and making headlines around the world.
There have been many rumors and conflicting messages surrounding the cause of the accident. However, no conclusions about the grounding of the Ever Given should be made before the International Maritime Organization and the Suez Canal Authority (SCA) have completed their official investigations.
At first, a power cut was blamed. The shipping agent GAC Egypt published a post on March 23 – and deleted it the same day – saying ‘The vessel suffered a blackout while transiting in a northerly direction’.